Crony Capitalism Wikipedia

Crony capitalism - Wikipedia.

Crony capitalism, sometimes called cronyism, is an economic system in which businesses thrive not as a result of free enterprise, but rather as a return on money amassed through collusion between a business class and the political class.This is often achieved by the manipulation of relationships with state power by business interests rather than unfettered competition in ....

Anarcho-capitalism - Wikipedia.

Anarcho-capitalism (or, colloquially, ancap) is a political philosophy and economic theory that seeks to abolish centralized states in favor of stateless societies with systems of private property enforced by private agencies, the non-aggression principle, free markets and the right-libertarian interpretation of self-ownership, which extends the concept to include control of private ....

Right-libertarianism - Wikipedia.

Right-libertarianism, also known as libertarian capitalism or right-wing libertarianism, is a political philosophy and type of libertarianism that supports capitalist property rights and defends market distribution of natural resources and private property. The term right-libertarianism is used to distinguish this class of views on the nature of property and capital from left-libertarianism, a ....

Capitalism - Wikipedia.

Capitalism is an economic system based on the private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit. Central ... Crony capitalism; Economic sociology; Free market; Global financial crisis in September 2008; Humanistic economics; Invisible hand; Late capitalism;.

Collective capitalism - Wikipedia.

Collective capitalism was a theory that was advanced by American economist G. Means in the 1960s. It was intended to overcome the failings of traditional capitalism, using the Great Depression in the 1930s as an example. It rejects the principles advanced by Adam Smith, who created the notion of the "invisible hand" of 'self-correcting' market forces. ....

Regulatory capture - Wikipedia.

Regulatory capture theory is a core focus of the branch of public choice referred to as the economics of regulation; economists in this specialty are critical of conceptualizations of governmental regulatory intervention as being motivated to protect public good.Often cited articles include Bernstein (1955), Huntington (1952), Laffont & Tirole (1991), and Levine & ....

Economic liberalism - Wikipedia.

An economy that is managed according to these precepts may be described as liberal capitalism or a liberal economy. Economic liberals tend to oppose government intervention and protectionism in the market economy when it inhibits free trade and competition but support government intervention to protect property rights and resolve market failures ..

Social market economy - Wikipedia.

The social market economy (SOME; German: soziale Marktwirtschaft), also called Rhine capitalism, Rhine-Alpine capitalism, the Rhenish model, and social capitalism, is a socioeconomic model combining a free-market capitalist economic system alongside social policies and enough regulation to establish both fair competition within the market and generally a welfare state..

Post-capitalism - Wikipedia.

Post-capitalism is a state in which the economic systems of the world can no longer be described as forms of capitalism.Various individuals and political ideologies have speculated on what would define such a world. According to some classical Marxist and some social evolutionary theories, post-capitalist societies may come about as a result of spontaneous evolution as capitalism ....

Cronyism - Wikipedia.

This is termed crony capitalism, and is an ethical breach of the principles of the market economy; in advanced economies, crony capitalism is a breach of market regulations. Given crony capitalism's nature, these dishonest business practices are frequently (yet not exclusively) found in societies with ineffective legal systems..

Croatian Democratic Union - Wikipedia.

The Croatian Democratic Union (Croatian: Hrvatska demokratska zajednica, lit. 'Croatian Democratic Community', HDZ) is the major conservative, centre-right political party in Croatia.It is one of the two major contemporary political parties in Croatia, along with the centre-left Social Democratic Party (SDP). It is currently the largest party in the Sabor with 61 seats..

Viktor Yushchenko - Wikipedia.

Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko (Ukrainian: ?????? ?????????? ??????, IPA: ['wiktor ?n'd(j)r(j)ijowIt? 'ju?t?enko] (); born 23 February 1954) is a Ukrainian politician who was the third president of Ukraine from 23 January 2005 to 25 February 2010.. As an informal leader of the Ukrainian opposition coalition, he was one of the two main candidates in the ....

Chicago school of economics - Wikipedia.

The Chicago school of economics is a neoclassical school of economic thought associated with the work of the faculty at the University of Chicago, some of whom have constructed and popularized its principles. Milton Friedman and George Stigler are considered the leading scholars of the Chicago school.. Chicago macroeconomic theory rejected Keynesianism in favor of ....

Unemployment - Wikipedia.

According to Marx, the only way to permanently eliminate unemployment would be to abolish capitalism and the system of forced competition for wages and then shift to a socialist or communist economic system. For contemporary Marxists, the existence of persistent unemployment is proof of the inability of capitalism to ensure full employment..

Ordoliberalism - Wikipedia.

Alexander Rustow also criticized laissez-faire capitalism in his work Das Versagen des Wirtschaftsliberalismus ("The Failure of Economic Liberalism", 1950). The ordoliberals thus separated themselves from classical liberals [10] [19] and valued the idea of social justice . [20] ".

Social democracy - Wikipedia.

Social democracy is a political, social, and economic philosophy within socialism that supports political and economic democracy. As a policy regime, it is described by academics as advocating economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a liberal-democratic polity and a capitalist-oriented mixed economy. The protocols and norms used to ....

Tung Chee-hwa - Wikipedia.

Tung Chee-hwa GBM (Chinese: ???; born 7 July 1937) is a Hong Kong businessman and politician who served as the first Chief Executive of Hong Kong between 1997 and 2005, upon the transfer of sovereignty on 1 July. He is currently a vice-chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).. Born as the eldest son of Chinese shipping magnate Tung ....

Lobbying - Wikipedia.

In politics, lobbying, persuasion or interest representation is the act of lawfully attempting to influence the actions, policies, or decisions of government officials, most often legislators or members of regulatory agencies.Lobbying, which usually involves direct, face-to-face contact, is done by many types of people, associations and organized groups, including individuals in the ....

Entrepreneurship - Wikipedia.

Entrepreneurship is an act of being an entrepreneur, or "the owner or manager of a business enterprise who, by risk and initiative, attempts to make profits". Entrepreneurs act as managers and oversee the launch and growth of an enterprise. Entrepreneurship is the process by which either an individual or a team identifies a business opportunity and acquires and deploys the ....

The End of History and the Last Man - Wikipedia.

Overview. Fukuyama argues that history should be viewed as an evolutionary process, and that the end of history, in this sense, means that liberal democracy is the final form of government for all nations. According to Fukuyama, since the French Revolution, liberal democracy has repeatedly proven to be a fundamentally better system (ethically, politically, economically) than any of the ....


Paul Davis Ryan (born January 29, 1970) is an American retired politician who served as the 54th speaker of the United States House of Representatives from October 2015 to January 2019. A member of the Republican Party, he was the ....

Invisible hand - Wikipedia.

However, positing an economy guided by this principle as ideal may amount to Social Darwinism, which is also associated with champions of laissez-faire capitalism. Tawney's interpretation. Christian socialist R. H. Tawney saw Smith as putting a name on an older idea:.

capitalismの意味・使い方・読み方 | Weblio英和辞書.

crony capitalism; hypercapitalism; late capitalism; savage capitalism; state capitalism; supercapitalism ... ?capitalism??????????? - ????|Weblio??????? ... capitalism on Wikipedia..